Soundness test of aggregate

  • Soundness test of aggregate is to determine the resistance of aggregates for weathering action like variation of temperature, rain, throws etc.
  • The porous and less density aggregates are more prone to freezing and throwing action also the disintegration is quick and premature.
  • Using such aggregates in road construction is not only degrade the road quality but can cause accidents and poor-quality road work.

Soundness test of aggregate


To determine the resistance of aggregate against weathering action and to check durability of aggregates.

IS Code: IS: 2386 part-V.


Balance: 500gm (0.1gm least count)

            5000gm (1gm least count)


Sieve: 80 mm, 63 mm, 40 mm, 31.5 mm, 25 mm, 20 mm, 16 mm, 12.5 mm, 10 mm, 8.0 mm, 4.75 mm, 4.0 mm, 2.36 mm, 1.18 mm, 600 micron, 300 micron, 150 micron

Wire mesh basket



  • Sodium Sulphate Solution
  • Magnesium Sulphate Solution

Preparation of sample:

Take any two-sieve size and sieve the sample.

Take the 100gm of retained material for further test.


For example: For Fine aggregates

Passing onRetained onSample weight
10 mm4.75 mm100gm
4.75 mm2.36 mm100gm
2.36 mm1.18 mm100gm
1.18 mm600 micron100gm
600 micron300 micron100gm

For Coarse aggregates:

SizeSample weight
10 mm to 4.75 mm1000gm
20 mm to 10 mm1000gm
40 mm to 20 mm1000gm
63 mm to 40 mm1000gm
80 mm and larger1000gm


  1. Take the weight of sample as W1 gm.
  2. Immerse the sample in solution eighter of sodium sulphate or magnesium sulphate at least for16 to 18 hours.
  3. After that remove sample from solution and drain the solution completely and allow it to drain for 15 minutes.
  4. Dry the sample in oven at 105 to 1100C temperature
  5. Repeat this immerging and drying process 5 times for individual sample.
  6. After 5th cycle note down the dry weight of sample as W2 gm.


Percentage loss = (W1-W2) x 100/W2

Soundness test of aggregates


The should be reported in following manners,

  • Type of solution used:
  • Range of sieve size selected:
  • Weight of sample before test (W1) gm
  • Weight of sample after test (W2) gm
  • Percentage loss:

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