The Components or Parts of a Stairs is as follows,
Defination: Staircases are defined as a series of steps or flights of steps for passing from one level to another often used in singular or plural in construction. They are vertical means of commuting.
- Treads: the top or Horizontal Portion of the staircase wherever foot rests.
- Risers: Vertical Portion of the Staircases. typically the dimension ranges from 270 mm for residential buildings and factories and 300 mm for public buildings wherever large number of persons use the stairs.
- Landings: Extended Treads after a series of steps, ought to be provided after each fourteen risers.
- Stringer: The inclined boards within which the treads and risers are enclosed.
- Nosing : The visible projection front of the treads.
- Newel: The larger vertical member, plain or ornamental, is typically situated on either ends of the balustrade, or at every bend.
- Newel Cap: the decorative top of the newel post. typically carved shaped or turned.
- Landing: A resting place, or wide step anyplace within the stairway or top of a flight of stairs. Landings are typically used to change the direction of a stair.
- Handrail: A protecting rail designed to stop folks or objects from falling into an open well. A moulded rail following the pitch, or rake of the stairway – that also forms the top/upper edge of the balustrading.
- Baluster: The vertical member, plain or ornamental, that acts as the infill between the handrail and Channel (or tread if cut string).
- Waist: The thickness of the waist-slab on that steps are created is known as waist